Elementary

November 9th, 2011

Rumpelstiltskin

Posted by sasha in Uncategorized

I did three columns, raging from Giving, to Equal Exchange, to Taking in the story. I think it’s highly subjective, though. For example, I placed, “Manikin splits self in two” under “Giving” since I consider his death giving the Queen a new life, but I know not everyone would agree with me.

Also, the lines in the columns are related to each other depending on their order in the columns, just as if this chart were lined up across…Though that’s subjective as well, especially since I didn’t have to rearrange many of the lines from the original ordered line-up. I don’t think this worked out too well.

Giving
Manikin trades necklace for spun gold
Manikin trades ring for spun gold
Manikin splits self in two

In the middle
King rejoices
King marries daughter
Manikin makes new promise about guessing name
Daughter/Queen gives birth
Queen incorrectly guesses names
Queen sends messenger out to find names
Manikin rejoices by fire, dancing

Taking
Miller lies to King about daughter
Daughter put in room with task
Manikin returns for promised child
Manikin trades child for spun gold
Queen learns true name

Repetition is what gives this myth it’s structure. The manikin comes to save the girl again and again, until the climax of the story where he wants her to find out his name. The repetition “grows” and that’s where we get our “structure,” as Levi-Strauss says, “The function of repetition is to render the structure of the myth apparent.” The repetition is what moves the story along, and this way the story moves along is what we call it’s structure.

November 2nd, 2011

Freud’s Dream-Method

Posted by sasha in Uncategorized

“A dream-thought is unusable so long as it is expressed in an abstract form; but when once it has been transformed into pictorial language, contrasts and identifications of the kind which the dream-work requires, and which it creates if they are not already present,can be established more easily than before between the new form of expression and the remainder of the material underlying the dream. This is so because in every language concrete terms, in consequence of the history of their development, are richer in associations than conceptual ones. We may suppose that a good part of the intermediate work done during the formation of a dream, which seeks to reduce the dispersed dream-thoughts to the most succinct and unified expression possible, proceeds along the line of finding appropriate verbal transformations for the individual thoughts.”

When treating literary works from the point of view of Freud’s Dream-Work there are two things we should keep in mind.

1. Dream-thoughts are given to us in visual form, since we cannot dream abstract things. This is the same as when we read a literary work. If the author doesn’t want to literally say that his work is about social issues, he’ll use a metaphor to help us visualize it in another way. So, we shouldn’t take anything at face value. Anything can be a metaphor. Look for metaphors when reading.

2. Metonymy is very important in Freud’s Dream-Work. Because of the way our language is set up, even concrete meanings have varying associations, and it comes across in our dreams as well as in our literary works. We should look for associations we make when reading, because this lends to our interpretation. This could possibly skew what meaning we get from the piece.

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